The Knesset first convened on February 14, 1949.120 members of the Knesset (MK) are elected by Israeli citizens who must be 18 years old to vote. The Government of Israel must be approved by a majority vote of the Knesset. The Knesset is guarded by the Knesset Guard
The major function of the Knesset is to legislate laws and revise them as necessary. Additional duties include establishing a government, taking policy decisions, reviewing government activities, and electing the President of the State and the State Comptroller.

Knesset Israel

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The Knesset History - Introduction
The Knesset is the house of representatives of the State of Israel. The name "Knesset" derives from the "Great Knesset" ("Great Assembly") which convened in Jerusalem after the return of the Jews to Eretz Yisrael from the Babylonian exile in the fifth century B.C.E. The number of Knesset Members was also determined on the basis of the number of members of the Great Knesset.
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"Yerushalayim Shel Zahav" (Jerusalem of Gold) by Naomi Shemer
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The Knesset has 12 standing committees: House (or Knesset) Committee, dealing with the Knesset agenda; Finance; Economics; Defense and Foreign Affairs; Interior and Environment; Immigration and Absorption; Education and Culture; Constitution, Law, and Justice; Labor and Social Affairs; Public Audit (Control); War against Drug Affliction and Advancing the Status of Women.

Knesset location and building
The Knesset is located in Givat Ram, on a hilltop in western
Jerusalem. The Knesset building is built on land leased from the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem.
Going north on Hayim Hazaz Boulevard and turning sharp left into Ruppin Road, we come to the Israeli Parliament, the Knesset (1966), the most striking building in the Hakirya district, the government quarter. Near the entrance is a 5m/16ft high bronze Menorah (seven-branched candlestick) by Benno Elkan, a gift from the British Parliament. It is decorated with 29 reliefs of figures and events in Jewish history.

The interior is decorated with mosaics and tapestries by Marc Chagall. When Parliament is not sitting there are conducted tours of the building; when it is sitting visitors can usually get admission to the visitors' gallery (passport required).

Northwest of the Knesset are three long ranges of government buildings - the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of the Interior and the Prime Minister's Office.


Givat Ram
91999 Jerusalem

Conducted tours: Sun. and Thur. 8.30am-2.30pm.
Knesset, Jerusalem, Israel
Knesset, Jerusalem, Israel
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