Armenians have inhabited parts of modern Turkey , Iran and the Caucasus Mountains for more than four thousand years. The first known instance of an Armenian to come anywhere near Jerusalem arrived in the 95 BC under King Tigranes II of Armenia. Armenian Quarter

The entrance to the Cathedral of St. James
One of the central reasons for the existence of an Armenian quarter is the religion and ethnicity of the Armenians. Armenians, unlike the majority of Christians in Israel, are not Arab, rather they are ethnically and religiously Armenian. The reason for their ethnicity does not need to be elaborated on except to say that they have remained a homogeneous group, intermarrying over the years and keeping their culture intact.

The two focal points of the Armenian presence are the St James Cathedral, in the heart of the Armenian Quarter.
The Armenian Quarter in Jerusalem is thus likely one of Jerusalem's oldest ethnic neighborhoods.
Tucked away in a corner of the Old City of Jerusalem lies the Armenian Patriarchate of St. James, a sprawling convent and monastery complex built on the site of Rome's vaunted 10th Legion encampment. Like the Jews, the Armenians have survived religious persecution, attempted genocide and exile from their historic homeland, currently divided between Turkey and the U.S.S.R.
Today, only 1500 Armenians remain in
Jerusalem, and their future here is uncertain. According to their traditions, Armenians reached Eretz Israel between the tenth and sixth centuries BCE, when Tigranes the Great ruled an empire extending from the Caspian Sea to the shores of the Mediterranean. The first time the word "Armenia" is mentioned is in an inscription attributed to King Darius. Armenians arrived in the wake of the Roman legions, as traders, artisans, legionnaires and administrators. But it was Christianity that put the final stamp on the perpetual Armenian presence here.
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The Armenian Quarter is one of Jerusalem's oldest ethnic neighborhoods. THE ARMENIAN QUARTER. The Armenians have lived in Jerusalem for centuries. Their quarter is surrounded by a high wall.
The Armenian Quarter is one of the four quarters of the Old City of Jerusalem. The Armenian-style ceramics in the Arab market are usually mass produced. You get the real thing in the Armenian Quarter and can even watch the artisans create their masterpieces.
The Armenians are not Palestinians, but they generally sympathize with their political agenda.
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The St. James Monastery, which takes up about two-thirds of the quarter, houses gifts left by pilgrims over the last 1,000 years. It also includes a quiet residential area. The Gulbenkian Library is also inside the monastery. It holds more than 100,000 volumes, many dating back hundreds of years. The Mardigian Museum is nearby and it contains exhibits on Armenian art and culture and the genocide of 1915.
Oddly enough, only one Armenian church is in the Quarter, but four other denominations (Syrian, Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and Anglican) have churches in this part of the city.
Armenian Quarter
The Armenian Quarter in Jerusalem
The Armenian Quarter in Jerusalem
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Armenian Quarter Jerusalem