Matthew 26: 36-56
Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane; and he said to his disciples, Sit here while I go over there and pray.' He took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be grieved and agitated. Then he said to them, 'I am deeply grieved, even to death; remain here, and stay awake with me.' And going a little farther, he threw himself on the ground and prayed, 'My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me; yet not what I want but what you want.' Then he came to the disciples and found them sleeping; and he said to Peter, 'So, could you not stay awake with me one hour? Stay awake and pray that you may not come into the time of trial; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.' Again he went away for the second time and prayed, 'My Father, if this cannot pass unless I drink it, your will be done.' Again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. So leaving them again, he went away and prayed for the third time, saying the same words. Then he came to the disciples and said to them, 'Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? See, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Get up, let us be going. See, my betrayer is at hand.' While he was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, arrived; with him was a large crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the elders of the people. Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, 'The one I will kiss is the man; arrest him.' At once he came up to Jesus and said, 'Greetings, Rabbi!' and kissed him. Jesus said to him, 'Friend, do what you are here to do.' Then they came and laid hands on Jesus and arrested him. Suddenly, one of those with Jesus put his hand on his sword, drew it, and struck the slave of the high priest, cutting off his ear. Then Jesus said to him, 'Put your sword back into its place; for all who take the sword will perish by the sword. Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will at once send me more than twelve legions of angels? But how then would the scriptures be fulfilled, which say it must happen in this way?' At that hour Jesus said to the crowds, 'Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest me as though I were a bandit? Day after day I sat in the temple teaching, and you did not arrest me. But all this has taken place, so that the scriptures of the prophets may be fulfilled.' Then all the disciples deserted him and fled.
Mark's text (14: 32-52) differs from that of Matthew in certain details, but they are not of importance for our present study. We recall only the famous episode with which the writer ends his description of the arrest, and to which we shall return later: "He came a third time and said to them, 'Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? Enough! The hour has come; the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners." (Mk 14:51)
The Garden of Gethsemane was a focal site for early Christian pilgrims. It was visited in 333 by the anonymous "Pilgrim of Bordeaux", whose Itinerarium Burdigalense is the earliest description left by a Christian traveler in the Holy Land. In his Onomasticon, Eusebius of Caesarea notes the site of Gethsemane "at the foot of the Mount of Olives", and he adds that "the faithful were accustomed to go there to pray".
After the Last Supper, Jesus and his disciples went out across the Kidron Valley to a place on the Mount of Olives where there was a garden called Gethsemane, where Jesus had often met with his disciples. The name - Gethsemane - probably come from the Hebrew word for - oil press- a likely derivation, since the are is still thick with trees. Though Jesus told his disciples to watch and pray, they fell asleep. Eventually a band of armed men, led by Judas, came to find Jesus to take him before the chief priests.
Althought we would not expext to find archeological remains for a garden, the name Gethsemane has never gone out of use and its general location is not in doubt. There is little reason to doubt the identification of Gethsemane as the area near the Church of Agony, though it is most unlikely that the ancient olive trees carefully maintained today in the Franciscan garden are much more than 1000 years old. In any event, the Jewish historian Josephus claims the the Roman general Titus tore up all the trees surrounding the city in the Jewish War of 70 AD.
Garden Of Gethsemane Jerusalem - Gethsemane (also spelled Gethsemani) was the garden where, according to the New Testament and Christian traditions, Jesus and his disciples retreated to pray after the Last Supper, the night before he was crucified.
Garden Of Gethsemane Church Jerusalem
In the fourth century, the Emperor Theodosius I built a bastilica church over the rock where Jesus was belived to have prayed in Gethsemane. The modern Church of All Nations is built on the same site, and, inside it, the original church's floor-plan may still be seen.
Close by stands the unmistakably Russian Church of Mary Magdalene, with its seven onion-shaped domes. This church was built in the nineteenth century by the Tsar Alexander III in memory of his mother.
A little further away stands the Dominus Felvit Chapel, built as recently as 1955 by the Franciscans over the ruins of a fifth-century church. The name of the church is Latin for - The Lord wept - and commemorates Jesus' lament over the city of Jerusalem when he came to the city for the last time.
"if you, even you, had only known on this day what would bring you peace" (luke 19;42)
Garden Of Gethsemane Jerusalem
According to Luke 22:43-44, Jesus' anguish in Gethsemane was so deep that "his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground." Gethsemane was also where Christ was betrayed by the disciple Judas Iscariot.
The garden identified as Gethsemane is located at the foot of the Mount of Olives. Located by the garden is the Church of All Nations also known as the Church of the Agony.
There were a number of olive trees planted around the area at the time.
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